East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste, is a small country in South East Asia, located about 640 km northwest of Darwin, Australia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the enclave of Oecussi-Ambeno in the northwestern part of the island, and Atauro and Jaco islands.
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
1.1 Million (UN, 2009)
Tétum and Portuguese are the official languages, Indonesian and English are also widely spoken.
Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)
East Timor has two seasons: wet (December to April) and dry (May to November). Day temperatures are around 30°C to 35°C year-round in the lowland areas, dropping to the low 20s overnight. In the mountain areas, warm-to-hot daytime temperatures drop to 15°C at night, less at altitude. At the end of the dry season in parts of the north coast temperatures hover over 35°C.
GMT + 9 (no daylight savings)
Coffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas and vanilla
Coffee, sandalwood, marble, potential for oil and vanilla exports
US$2,460 (World Bank, 2008)
60 years (men), 62 years (women)